Evaluation of Consequences of Dust Positioned in Southwest of Iran on Coagulant Factors

Document Type: Original Article(s)

Authors

1 Department of Environment, Tonekabon Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon, Iran

2 The Blood Transfusion Research Center, High Institute for Research and Education in Transfusion Medicine, Ahvaz, Iran

3 Department of Engineering Sciences, Tonekabon Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon, Iran

Abstract

Background: Various regions in Iran, especially the Khuzestan Province, have been covered by dust and dirt during the past two years due to environmental changes in the Middle East. We sought to evaluate the effect of these pollutants on the coagulant factors of people residing in Abadan and Khoramshahr, two major cities of Khuzestan Province.
Methods: One hundred twenty-nine healthy individuals were enrolled into this study, and their prothrombin time as well as fibrinogen, platelet, and Factor VIII levels were measured before and after climate changes.
Results: After climate changes, the mean prothrombin time decreased, while the fibrinogen, platelet, and Factor VIII levels rose.
Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that the pollutants deployed in the Middle East can affect prothrombin time as well as fibrinogen, platelet, and Factor VII levels considerably and increase coagulant state. The pollutants can, consequently, increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases. It seems that cooperation at government levels between Iran and its neighboring countries is required to reverse desertification and avoid inaccurate usage of subterranean water resources so as to lessen air pollution.