A Child with Intestinal Basidiobolomycosis

Document Type: Case Report(s)

Authors

1 Depertment of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Pediatric Ward, Pediatric Infections Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Pediatric Infections Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Depertment of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Pediatric Ward, Pediatric Infections Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

4 Department of Pathology, Pathology Ward, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Fungal infections of the gastrointestinal tract are not common in children, especially in immunocompetent ones. In this case report we describe a child who was presented with abdominal pain and mass, bloody diarrhea and fever. He was treated for amebiasis, but due to treatment failure and deterioration of his condition, he underwent a laparatomy. Histologic examination of the excised bowel in the second look revealed Basidiobolomycosis, a fungus belonging to the order Entomophthorales. The signs, symptoms, treatment and diagnosis of the present case indicate that fungal infections must be considered not only in immunocompromised patients with abdominal pain and mass, but also in apparently immunocompetent ones.