Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences

Document Type: Case Report(s)


1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shiraz University of Medical sciences, Shiraz, Iran

2 Department of Pathology, Shiraz University of Medical sciences, Shiraz, Iran


Leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata is a very rare condition characterized by the development of multiple smooth muscle-like nodules in the peritoneal cavity. It is associated with increased serum levels of gonadal steroids. The present report describes a 29-year-old patient underwent transabdominal hysterectomy and Bilateral Salpingo oophorectomy six years ago because of leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata. After six years she referred to us again because of retroperitoneal fibroma, another rare entity, during hormone replacement therapy inspite of lack of uterus and previous castration.