Document Type: Original Article(s)
Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, K.N. Toosi University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Mashhad, Iran
The School of Nursing and Midwifery, Omolbanin Hospital, Mashhad, Iran
Background: Pain is one of the side effects of episiotomy. The virtual reality (VR) is a non-pharmacological method for pain relief. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of using video glasses on pain reduction in primiparity women during episiotomy repair.Methods: This clinical trial was conducted on 30 primiparous parturient women having labor at Omolbanin Hospital (Mashhad, Iran) during May-July 2012. Samples during episiotomy repair were randomly divided into two equal groups. The intervention group received the usual treatment with VR (video glasses and local infiltration 5 ml solution of lidocaine 2%) and the control group only received local infiltration (5 ml solution of lidocaine 2%). Pain was measured using the Numeric Pain Rating Scale (0-100 scale) before, during and after the episiotomy repair. Data were analyzed using Fisher’s exact test, Chi-square, Mann-Whitney and repeated measures ANOVA tests by SPSS 11.5 software.Results: There were statistically significant differences between the pain score during episiotomy repair in both groups (P=0.038).Conclusion: Virtual reality is an effective complementary non-pharmacological method to reduce pain during episiotomy repair.Trial Registration Number: IRCT138811063185N1.