Totally Transanal Laparo-Endoscopic Single-Site ProctoColectomy-Ileoanal J-Pouch (TLPC-J): An Experimental Study of a Novel Approach

Document Type: Original Article(s)

Authors

1 Department of Pediatric Surgery of the Ruhr-University Bochum Marienhospital Herne, widomerstr .8, Germany.

2 Department of General Surgery, Shiraz university of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

3 Colorectal Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

4 Shiraz University School of Medicine, Shiraz University Laparoscopy Research Center Department of Pediatric Surgery, Nemazee Hospital, Shiraz, Iran

5 Shiraz University School of Medicine,Shiraz University Laparoscopy Research Center Department of Pediatric Surgery, Nemazee Hospital, Shiraz, Iran

Abstract

Background: The natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) has become a commonly considered novel approach in the surgical field. The NOTES provide possibility of operation through the natural orifice and decreases the intentional puncture of the systemic organ and subsequent complications. Totally transanal laparo-endoscopic single-site proctoColectomy-Ileoanal J-Pouch (TLPC-J) is a novel method in minimally invasive surgery for total colectomy. The main goal of this study is to perform this new method on an animal model, to assess probable complication and to resolve probable issues by using patients that are candidate for total colectomy.Method: Five dogs were prepared in lithotomy position. The TLPC-I procedure consists of endorectal technique with full thickness rectal dissection starting 1 cm orally from the dentate line above the peritoneal reflection and the proximal bowel was replaced into the abdominal cavity. Afterwards, the TriPort system was inserted in the anal canal and mesentrial resection of the total colon, mobilization of a distal ileal segment and intracorporeal suture of an ileal J-loop was accomplished by this system. An incision in the J-loop was conducted transanally. The J-pouch was created with an Endo-GIA® and sutured to the rectal wall.Results: All animals survived and passed stool with clear post operation situation. There was no infection in site of anastomosis.Conclusion: The TLPC-I provides the possibility of surgery without abdominal wall incision and decreases post operation complication such as pain, abdominal wound infection and wound dehiscence. This technique increases the quality of life and surgeons can discharge the patients early.