Inhibitory Effect of Bunium Persicum Hydroalcoholic Extract on Glucose-Induced Albumin Glycation, Oxidation, and Aggregation In Vitro

Arman Seri, Marjan Khorsand, Zahra Rezaei, Azadeh Hamedi, Mohammad Ali Takhshid


Background: Glucose-induced protein glycation has been implicated in the progression of diabetic complications and age-related diseases. The anti-glycation potential of polyphenol-rich plant extracts has been shown previously. Bunium Persicum has been demonstrated to possess a high level of polyphenols. The aim of current in vitro study was to determine the possible inhibitory effect of Bunium Persicum hydroalcoholic extract (BPE) on glucose-induced bovine serum albumin (BSA) glycation, oxidation, and aggregation.
Methods: Folin-Ciocalteu assay was used to measure the content of total phenolic compounds of BPE. To test the in vitro effect of BPE on the formation of glycated BSA, thiol group oxidation, and protein aggregation of BSA, various concentrations of BPE were incubated with BSA and glucose at 37 °C for 72 hr. Glycation, thiol group oxidation, and aggregation of BSA were then measured using thiobarbituric acid, 2, 4-dinitrophenylhydrazine, and Congo red colorimetric methods, respectively. Data were analyzed using the SPSS software (version 16.0). One-way ANOVA followed by Tukey’s post hoc test was used to compare group means. P<0.05 was accepted as the statistically significant difference between groups.
Results: The results demonstrated that the content of total phenolics of BPE was 122.41 mg gallic acid equivalents per gram dried extract. BPE (10, 15, and 30 μg/ml) significantly inhibited the formation of GA in a concentration-dependent manner. BPE also significantly decreased the levels of thiol group oxidation and BSA aggregation.
Conclusion: The results showed that BPE has anti-glycation and antioxidant properties and might have therapeutic potentials in the prevention of glycation-mediated diabetic complications.


Glucose, Glycation, Serum albumin, Bovine, Bunium persicum, Apiaceae

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pISSN: 0253-0716         eISSN: 1735-3688