Protoscolicidal Effects of the Garlic Chloroformic Extract on the Protoscolices of Hydatid Cyst at a Short Exposure Time, up to Five Minutes
Background: The treatment of choice for hydatidosis as an important zoonotic disease is surgery. Different agents are injected into the cyst to prevent secondary hydatidosis. To avoid the side effects of such protoscolicidal agents, considering the high protoscolicidal effects of the garlic extract, we conducted the present study on protoscolices in limited applicable times and compared the extract with some chemical agents. Methods: Sheep’s liver and lung cysts were collected. Ninety tubes were selected and divided into 3 sets (for different exposure times), each one comprising 5 groups of 6 tubes. Each tube contained 3000–4000 protoscolices. The groups were 0.5% cetrimide (as positive control), 20% hypertonic sodium chloride, 0.5% silver nitrate, 0.9% normal saline (as negative control), and the garlic chloroformic extract (200 mg/mL). The viability of the protoscolices was assessed using 0.1% eosin. The ANOVA and LSD were used to compare the mean viability of the protoscolices after exposure to the different agents at different times and concentrations. The data were analyzed using SPSS software, version 17. A P<0.05 was considered significant. Results: Our findings showed that the protoscolicidal effects of the garlic extract at 1 (P<0.001) and 2 (P<0.001 and P=0.003) minutes of exposure were higher than those of sodium chloride and silver nitrate. At 5 minutes of exposure, there was no difference between the garlic extract and sodium chloride (P=0.36); however, the difference between these agents and silver nitrate was significant.
Conclusion: The garlic chloroformic extract in a short exposure time had high protoscolicidal effects and could substitute other agents.
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pISSN: 0253-0716 eISSN: 1735-3688