First Iranian Experience of the Minimally Invasive Nuss Procedure for Pectus Excavatum Repair: A Case Series and Literature Review

Hamidreza Davari, Mohammad Bagher Rahim, Reza Ershadi, Shahab Rafieian, Parviz Mardani, Mohammad Rahim Vakili, Ahmad Shirinzadeh

Abstract


Pectus excavatum is the most common congenital deformity of the chest wall. The most frequently used techniques include Ravitch (costochondral resection) and Nuss (minimally invasive pectus repair of pectus excavatum [MIRPE]). The Nuss technique includes using temporary metallic bars without costochondral resection to correct the chest wall deformity. Modified MIRPE can be learned easily and performed safely with few complications. There are no reports of successful MIRPE in Iran, although the Ravitch technique is well known. In the present study, we report the first Iranian experience with the modified Nuss procedure in 5 patients with pectus excavatum (age range=13–48 y). All the patients suffered from low self-esteem, and one of them complained of low exercise capacity and occasional chest pain. With single-lung ventilation and sternal elevation, an introducer was entered into the right thoracic cavity and retrosternal tunneling was performed under thoracoscopic vision. The introducer was passed to the left thoracic cavity and exited on the left thoracic wall. A titanium plate bar was implanted and fixed with stabilizers. There were no cases of mortality, and all the patients were discharged in good conditions within 2 weeks. Postoperative complications consisted of 1 case of pneumothorax and 2 cases of fixed bar protrusion. The present case series indicated that a skilled thoracoscopic surgeon is able to do the Nuss procedure in Iranian patients with symmetrical pectus excavatum with few complications. However, mixed or redo cases require more expertise.

Keywords


Funnel chest; Minimally invasive surgical procedures; Iran

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pISSN: 0253-0716         eISSN: 1735-3688