Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences

Document Type: Original Article(s)

Authors

1 Radiation and Wave Research Center, Aja University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Radiology, Allied Medical School, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

4 Department of Molecular Medicine, School of Advanced Technologies in Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

5 Department of Radiology, Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

6 Department of Medical Genetics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Background: The search for potent radioprotective agents for the amelioration of radiation side effect is an important aim in radiobiology. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of curcumin and seleno-L-methionine against radiation-induced micronucleus formation in rat bone marrow.Methods: In total, 40 male rats were divided into 8 groups (n=5 each), including control, curcumin or seleno-L-methionine treated alone or in combination, 2 Gy irradiation, irradiation of treated groups with curcumin or seleno-L-methionine or their combination. Curcumin was administrated orally and seleno-L-methionine was injected intraperitoneally 24 hours before irradiation. The frequency of micronucleated normochromatic erythrocytes (MnNCEs) and micronucleated polychromatic erythrocytes (MnPCEs) was scored in 5,000 polychromatic erythrocytes (PCEs) and the cell proliferation ratio [(PCE/(PCE+NCE); NCE=normochromatic erythrocytes] was calculated for each treatment group. Data were analyzed by the SPSS software version 16.0 and P<0.05 was considered as statistically significant differences.Results: Pretreatment with curcumin and seleno-L-methionine before irradiation reduced the frequency of MnPCEs and MnNCEs (P=0.01) and increased the cell proliferation ratio. Moreover, the results showed that this pretreatment reduced the frequency of MnPCEs with a protection factor (PF) of 1.2 and 1.6, respectively. The combination of curcumin and seleno-L-methionine in reducing MnPCEs and MnNCEs was not more effective than each agent alone, while improved cell proliferation ratio.Conclusion: Both curcumin and seleno-L-methionine showed potent protection against radiation induced MN in bone marrow cells. The combination of the two agents further ameliorates this activity, thus leading to improve bone marrow protection.

Keywords