Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences

Document Type: Brief Report(s)


Department of Physiology, Isfahan University of Medical Sci-ences Isfahan, Iran.


The endothelial permeability of aorta (EPA) is influenced by atherosclerosis.  Whether the physiological difference in EPA is a sex-dependent phenomenon remains to be determined.  The objective of this study was to determine the EPA difference between male and female rabbits.  An experimental model was designed to obtain 4 groups of animals.  The ovariectomized rabbits were fed with normal (group I) and 1% cholesterol-rich diets (group III).  The male rabbits also received normal (group II) and cholesterol-rich diets (group IV).  After 5 wks, the EPA was measured by Evan Blue (EB) dye uptake method.  The EB uptake was significantly (p<0.05) lower in females, regardless of the diet they used.  In groups I to IV, the mean±SD EB uptake was 4.83±2.06, 15.15±2.91, 7.01±2.40, and 20.58±3.62 mg/g weight of aorta, respectively.  The lower EPA in females may play a role in reducing the risk of development of atherosclerosis.