Background: Glucocorticoids are pivotal components of immunosuppressive regimens in solid organ transplantations. This study aimed to assess the possible association between the ER22/23EK, N363S, and Bcl1 polymorphisms, and short-term clinical outcomes, including acute rejection and delayed graft function (DGF), in kidney transplantation recipients.
Methods: A case-control study was conducted in a 2-year period on adults with transplanted kidneys, comprised of subjects without rejection (n=50, control) and those with documented rejection within one year after transplantation (n=50, case), between April 2017 and September 2018, in Shiraz, Iran. Demographic characteristics and clinical and paraclinical findings were gathered. The genotyping of the ER22/23EK, N363S, and Bcl1 polymorphisms was carried out via polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). The association between the genotypes and DGF as well as rejection types was evaluated using either the chi-square or Fisher exact test. A stepwise logistic regression analysis was conducted to determine the independent factors of acute rejection within the first year after transplantation.
Results: The study population consisted of 64 men and 36 women. The frequency of mutated alleles was 0.32 for G (Bcl1), 0.02 for S (N363S), and 0.065 for A (ER22/23EK). There was no significant association either between the studied polymorphisms and acute rejection or between the Bcl1 (P=0.17), N363S (P=0.99), and ER22/23EK (P=0.99) genotypes and DGF. The length of hospital stay after kidney transplantation was slightly more in N363N and ER22/23EK wild allele carriers. However, this difference was not statistically significant.
Conclusion: Our data suggested no statistically significant association between the genotypes of the studied polymorphisms and early clinical outcomes after kidney transplantation.