Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences

Document Type: Review Article


1 Department of Health Care Management, Health Sciences Research Center, Faculty of Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

2 Health Sciences Research Center, Faculty of Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

3 Indiana University School of Dentistry, Indianapolis, IN, USA

4 Department of Community Medicine, Shiraz Anesthesiology and Critical Care Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran


Background: Recipients of healthcare services have rights, which must be acknowledged and protected. Such rights include observance of acceptable patient physical, mental, spiritual, and social needs guided by commonly accepted rules and regulations. The objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of awareness rates and observance of patient rights in Iran from the perspective of the patient.Methods: In this study, various references such as Medline (PubMed), Scopus, Scientific Information Database (SID), Google scholar, Magiran, and IranMedex were searched (from August to December 2015). Heterogeneity was assessed using the Q statistic. English and Persian search keywords and combinations included terms such as “patient bill of rights, patient rights, Iranian patient bill of rights, and Persian patient rights.” A meta-analysis of the primary search sources was accomplished using STATA (version 11.0).Results: Initial review included 20 articles of which 12 assessed observance rates of patient rights and three described service awareness rates of recipients concerning their personal rights. Five articles covered both topics and had an estimated 54.2% coverage based on the results of meta-analysis and the random-effects model with the heterogeneity.Conclusion: An Observance rate of patient bills of rights was considered somewhat adequate. However, contradictions in findings noted in this study suggest deficiencies do exist and need to be resolved. There appears a need to better describe and increase awareness rates of healthcare services by patients concerning their own bill of rights.