The IJMS has been published since 1970, initially as a semi-annual journal. It is one of the leading medical journals published in Iran in English. The published articles during 1972-1978 are indexed in Medline and accessible through the PubMed database. During 2002-2014, the IJMS was published on a quarterly basis. Since 2014, the Journal is being published bimonthly. Moreover, in recent years many efforts have been put into improving the journal's quality. Over the years, the IJMS has trained its staff and established an effective article triage system to screen articles effectively and in the shortest possible time.