Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences

Document Type : Case Report(s)

Authors

Department of Medical Genetics, Institute of Medical Biotechnology, National Institute of Genetic Engineering and Biotecnology, Tehran, Iran

10.30476/ijms.2021.89353.2039

Abstract

Deletion 9p syndrome is a rare chromosomal abnormality with a wide spectrum of manifestations such as craniofacial dysmorphism, congenital anomalies, and psychomotor delay. We report a case of a seven-year-old girl with simultaneous 9p24.3 deletion and 8p23.3 duplication detected using multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA). Chromosomal and cytogenetic analyses using MLPA are effective in assessing genetic abnormalities in patients with developmental delay and mental retardation. We found breakpoints at 9p24.3 and duplication in the 8p23.3 region, leading to a wide variety of manifestations including speech delay, upslanting palpebral fissures, hypertelorism, epicanthal fold, high arched eyebrows, flat nasal bridge, thin upper lip, and cleft palate. Simultaneous detection of 9p24.3 deletion and 8p23.3 duplication has been rarely reported. Clinical phenotypes of our patient resembled the features of Nicolaides-Baraitser syndrome, which might have been primarily caused by the haploinsufficiency of SMARCA2 (SWI/SNF-related, matrix associated, actin-dependent regulator of chromatin, subfamily A, member 2) gene located at 9p24.3.

Keywords