Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences


1 Editor-in-Chief, Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

2 Anesthesiology and Critical Care Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran



The world has come to its knees by COVID-19 during the last two years, and the end of the catastrophe is yet unknown. This disaster, although deeply tragic with more than six million casualties, has made different medical disciplines to reconsider outdated, time-consuming methods for reacting to a new problem in medicine. We have never been under such pressure to respond immediately to a destructive and fatal minatory. However, some branches of the health care system such as preventive medicine, emergency medicine, pulmonary disease, infectious disease, anesthesiology, pharmaceutical sciences, and in particular, the critical care, were on the front lines of this onrush.


  1. Arabi YM, Azoulay E, Al-Dorzi HM, Phua J, Salluh J, Binnie A, et al. How the COVID-19 pandemic will change the future of critical care. Intensive Care Med. 2021;47:282-91. doi: 10.1007/s00134-021-06352-y. PubMed PMID: 33616696; PubMed Central PMCID: PMCPMC7898492.
  2. Vranas KC, Golden SE, Mathews KS, Schutz A, Valley TS, Duggal A, et al. The Influence of the COVID-19 Pandemic on ICU Organization, Care Processes, and Frontline Clinician Experiences: A Qualitative Study. Chest. 2021;160:1714-28. doi: 10.1016/j.chest.2021.05.041. PubMed PMID: 34062115; PubMed Central PMCID: PMCPMC8164514.
  3. Anesi GL, Lynch Y, Evans L. A Conceptual and Adaptable Approach to Hospital Preparedness for Acute Surge Events Due to Emerging Infectious Diseases. Crit Care Explor. 2020;2:e0110. doi: 10.1097/CCE.0000000000000110. PubMed PMID: 32426752; PubMed Central PMCID: PMCPMC7188427.
  4. Phua J, Lim CM, Faruq MO, Nafees KMK, Du B, Gomersall CD, et al. The story of critical care in Asia: a narrative review. J Intensive Care. 2021;9:60. doi: 10.1186/s40560-021-00574-4. PubMed PMID: 34620252; PubMed Central PMCID: PMCPMC8496144.
  5. Sabetian G, Zand F. Do-Not-Resuscitate Order: A Lacuna in Critical Care in Iran. Archives of Anesthesiology and Critical Care. 2015;1:59-62.
  6. SeyedAlinaghi S, Karimi A, Barzegary A, Pashaei Z, Afsahi AM, Alilou S, et al. Mucormycosis infection in patients with COVID-19: A systematic review. Health Sci Rep. 2022;5:e529. doi: 10.1002/hsr2.529. PubMed PMID: 35252593; PubMed Central PMCID: PMCPMC8885749.