Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences

Document Type: Original Article(s)


1 Departmentof Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Damascus University, Damascus, Syria

2 Departmentof Oral Histopathology, Faculty of Dentistry, Damascus University, Damascus, Syria


Background: Acute kidney injury is the most life-threatening complication of rhabdomyolysis. Glycerol is commonly used to induce this injury. The aim was to investigate the renoprotective effects of pioglitazone and the possible advantage of administering the drug for a longer period.Methods: Twenty-four male Albino Wistar rats were randomly divided into 4 groups (n=6/group): (A) control, (B) glycerol (50%, 10 mL/kg intramuscularly), (C) glycerol+pioglitazone (10 mg/kg orally for 3 days), and (D) glycerol+pioglitazone (for 6 days). Serum urea and creatinine levels were measured to assess the renal function. Reduced glutathione (GSH) levels and histological alterations were also measured. Statistical analysis was performed using Prism (version 6). The numerical data were evaluated by ANOVA, followed by the Tukey tests. The categorical data were evaluated by the Mann–Whitney test and the Fisher exact tests. P